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Chemical engineering equipment types, descriptions, design, selection

This color indicates a link available via Clarkson University (off-campus access)


See also Safety considerations in design, separation techniques and HYSYS.

General sources of information

·         From Walas (Rules of Thumb in the Front Matter of Walas); (Same via AIChE student member site)

·         Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, 2nd edition, Carl Branan (1998) Gulf Publishing Company: 660 R935 Clarkson Library. 

·         ChEResources Updated online.

·         Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants (Ch 0)

·         HVAC

·         Appendix E in “Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers,” 5th edition, by M.S. Peters, K.D. Timmerhaus and R.E. West (McGraw-Hill, NY, 2003).

·         Appendix C in “Chemical Engineering Process Design and Economics: A Practical Guide,” 2nd edition, by G.D. Ulrich and P.T. Vasudevan (Process Publishing, Durham, N.H., 2004)

·         Perry's Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, 8th edition

·         Marks’ Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11th Edition

·         Chemical Process and Design Handbook

·         Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations, 3rd Edition

·         Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations, 2nd Edition

·         Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes, Third Edition

·         Heat Transfer in Process Engineering

·         Pump Handbook, 4th Edition

·         Working Guide to Process Equipment, 3rd Edition

·         Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization and Scaleup

Materials Selection

HYSYS and UniSim :  Note that the equipment palette in shows only some of the equipment that it can model.  Click on Flowsheet, Add Operation (or press F12) to see a complete list, part of which is shown at HYSYS/UniSim.

Reactors

Distillation, absorption, stripping columns

Heat Exchangers

Pressure changes, pumps, compressors and piping systems

Vessels

·         Sizing of flash drums, surge tanks and accumulators

Liquid-liquid extraction

Use LLE heuristics to size equipment.  See also Perry's chapter 15, particularly equations 15-65 and 15-66.   The delta P for a LLE column is approximately the weight of the two phases in the column per cross-sectional area.  Note that the pressure drop is not nearly as important for LLE as for distillation because liquid-liquid equilibria are not sensitive to pressure.

Instrumentation and control

Bioprocessing

Miscellaneous

 

Clarkson's Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering


Disclaimer: The material on these pages is intended for instructional purposes by Clarkson University students only.  Neither Clarkson University nor Professor Wilcox are responsible for problems caused by using this information.

 

Last updated October 11, 2011.  Comments and corrections should be sent to Professor William R. Wilcox

 

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